A Sun-like Cross Symbols of the Lithuanian Smithery in the Field of Confrontation of Cultural Differences and Commonalities
The article analyzes the tradition of Lithuanian iron minted sun-like crosses, as the visual sign and instrument
of socio-cultural power. It examines how communities and state authorities could have seen the unifying and
dividing codes at the same time in the same signs. the personal stories of blacksmiths reveals how the iron
sun-like crosses were used in various ways:The construction of national identity, the preservation of cultural
peculiarity or initiating the conflicting intercultural communication, and the isolation and resistance to soviet
cultural colonisation. The investigation uncovers how another non-conflicting and more acceptable
interpretation for the soviet ideology was attributed to the smithed sun-like crosses.This interpretation came
about through communication with the government institutions.Through a precise semiotic, historical and
comparative analysis, the complicated and international aspects of their meaning, origin and migration are
disclosed. the origins of the serpent-like rays may be traced not only from pre-Christian imaginery, they are
found in the Gothic/Renaissance art motifs of northern Italy. by the preservation of sun-like crosses the folk
art tradition during the soviet period made their Christian semantics viable at the same time.
Key Words: cross crafting, symbolism of smithed sun-like crosses, national identity, resistance.