Mykolas Romeris University, Lithuania
Values and Rights
Values, that embody and express the common interests of the whole society or of its majority at least, are regarded as social values. Contemporary society recognizes as inalienable the natural human rights to life, health, property, honor and dignity, inviolability of private life, religion and freedom of conscience, and thought, etc. It can be maintained that, in a society where human rights are respected and the interests of every individual are recognized, values such as freedom, honor and dignity become the fundamental values for the society as a whole. The article analyzes the process of value „socialization“: how value becomes the rule of human behavior, how it finds its final confirmation in legal principles and norms. Since the legal principles are based on values, they are flexible and adaptable to the changing society and its value system.
Key Words: value, law, principles of law, society, moral norms