The Problem of Alienation in Lithuanian Marxist Philosophy
The article analyzes different solutions of the problem of alienation made in Marxist philosophy in Lithuania during Soviet period. These analyses of alienation are divided into: philosophical theories, investigating different aspects of the theories of alienation – all and every author did that; practical sociological analyses with an object to reflect on the specific social reality (socialist society) through the aspect of alienation (J. Repšys, J. Minkevičius). Specifying theoretically the works could be grouped into: those of Marx himself, his analyzes of the concept of alienation, with an emphasis on historical (E. Krakauskas) or ideological (J. Karosas, A. Lozuraitis) traits; consideration of the alienation within the context of the other themes, namely, of humanism (J. Morkūnienė), ethics (D. Kapačiauskienė), anthropology (J. Minkevičius); application of marxist methodology in the critique of concepts of alienation in other philosophical trends.
Key Words: Lithuanian philosophy, Karl Marx, marxism, alienation, soviet period