Jean Paul Sartre: One is Not Born a Philosopher, but Becomes One
Le présent n’est pas un passé en puissance,
il est le moment du choix et de l’action.
Simone de Beauvoir
This article presents the continuation of Jean Paul Sartre’s worldview analysis started in the previous magazine issue (see Logos 94). It scrutinizes Sartre’s worldview structure and paradigm; reveals how the universal ontological questionnaire contributes to the “discovery” of existentialism and how the philosopher develops his theory formulating paradigms par excellence. For Sartre existentialism is a form of humanism and a part of practical philosophy as the ultima ratio of human being desperately striving for survival in antagonistic society. By admitting the choice possibility Sartre does not atomizes the value of humanism. On the contrary, he treat existentialism as the material manifestation of humanism. The article shows paradigmatic essence of Sartre’s work Critique de la raison dialectique. It maintains that in the frameworks of Sartre’s worldview a human being may remain human only within society which functions not on egoistic principles alone; for only in such society he can express his choice in the most meaningful way and give meaning to his personal existence. Sartre’s social theory is based on the principles that do not promote alienation – phenomenon of a never-ending desperate competitive struggle (and for what?) for the satisfaction of everlasting ego.
Key Words: Vytautas Kavolis, methodology of history of culture, reflections of Foucault philosophy