Klaipėda University, Lithuania
Bakhtin's Ideas for Architectonics of the Interactive Ethnographic Research
The article deals with M. Bakhtin’s scholarly works on the methodology of interactional ethnography. The thematic analysis of three books by M. Bakhtin locates five themes of interactional ethnography: the meaning and responsibility of science, the environment and its influence on cognition, participatory philosophy, the significance of language on one’s cognition of reality, the author’s attitude toward the hero. Undoubtedly, the methodology of interactional ethnography was and is investigated by many others; however, M. Bachtin’s work on the architectonics of investigation, introspection, centres of value, the dependence of values on contexts, the influence of environments on cognition of a phenomenon, the merging of the unity of man’s culture with other areas, involved participation, unavoidability of subjectivity, the attitude toward ethical norms etc. is accepted and used by scientists who acknowledge the interactional ethnography approach. M. Bakhtin can be considered as a scientist who was a century ahead of his time and as an influence on the contemporary world through several scientific areas, including interactional ethnography.
Key Words: Bachtin, interactional ethnographic perspective, architectonics