L. Wittgenstein‘s Philosophy of Psychology: A Critique of Gestalt Psychology
This is the first of a series of three articles dedicated to a discussion of Wittgenstein's remarks on psychology. It demonstrates that Wittgenstein's philosophy of psychology developed on the basis of critique of W. Köhler's gestaltpsychology. The gestaltpsychology rejected the mechanistic explanation of psychological phenomena and was based on the holistic principle while Wittgenstein critiqued physiological explanation as such. His philosophical investigation pays attention to the way the meaning of psychological concepts (words) "shows itself". The self-showing obeys a logic of Sprachspiele while the scientistic program of Köhler's is based on unjustified philosophical images.
Key Words: gestaltpsychology, Köhler, philosophy of psychology, Wittgenstein